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Construction and Installation of Industrial Piping

What is the industrial piping

Industrial piping are piping systems used to transport liquids, gases or solids in industry. Industrial pipelines are commonly used in industries such as oil refining, chemical, energy, mining, cement… Industrial pipelines have the advantages of low cost, large transportability, safety and high reliability.
The industrial pipe consists of the main parts:
  • Pipe: is the bearing part and is in direct contact with the environment. Usually made of steel, plastic or composite materials.
  • Accessories: including valves, couplings, curved tubes, T, base… used to connect the tubes together.
  • Control and protection system: monitoring pressure, flow, temperature, vibration… to ensure safe operation.
  • Pipeline: the entire pipeline system from the beginning to the end.
Industrial pipelines must ensure high technical requirements, good pressure resistance and corrosion resistance. Therefore, the design, construction and operation of industrial pipelines need to comply with strict standards.
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Types of the industrial pipe

There are different types of industrial pipes, depending on the type of material, structure, pressure and working environment. Some common types of industrial pipes:
  • Steel pipe: most used due to high strength, easy to bend and joint welding. Usually used for oil, gas, high pressure steam.
  • Plastic pipeline: light, easy to install, less corrosion. Usually used for low pressure liquids and gases.
  • Reinforced concrete pipeline: good bearing capacity, less corrosion. Used for drainage, wastewater treatment…
  • Cast iron pipe: good heat and pressure resistance but cheap price. Often used in chemical industry, oil refining.
  • Non-ferrous metal pipes: copper, aluminum… moderate pressure resistance, ductile, beautiful welding.
  • Composite pipeline: multiple material combination, light weight and good wear resistance.
There are also ceramic, glass, asbestos tubes… depending on the conditions and technology requirements that choose the appropriate type of pipeline.

Technical standards when constructing industrial piping

To ensure safety and efficiency, the construction of industrial pipelines should comply with the following technical standards:
  • Design standard: carefully calculate diameter, thickness, pressure, working temperature, fluid… to ensure the mechanical and chemical strength of the tube.
  • Material standard: suitable material selection, meeting the requirements of strength, corrosion resistance and compatibility.
  • Construction standards: technical regulations for welding, bending, bolt catching, coating and other installation stages.
  • Installation standard: detailed instructions on the distance between anchor points, slope, bend radius…
In order to ensure the quality and safety of industrial pipelines, the following technical standards should be observed:
  • Standards of corrosion prevention: Material selection, protective coating, rust resistance, insulation… to avoid corrosion due to the working environment.
  • Quality inspection standards: Inspection of weld quality, pipe thickness, size, tightness, strength… by specialized methods.
  • Safety standards: Safe pipeline system design, valve installation, explosion prevention system installation, fire protection, air escape…
  • Environmental standards: Environmental impact assessment, waste treatment, exhaust gas standards before discharge into the environment.
  • Operation and maintenance standards: Develop periodic operation and maintenance procedures to ensure the service life and stable operation of the pipeline.
Compliance with the above standards will help industrial piping systems operate safely, efficiently and for a long time.
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Effective industrial pipeline construction solutions

In order to build industrial pipelines with high efficiency, it is necessary to note some of the following solutions:
  • Application of BIM technology in design and simulation: Help early detection of conflicts, optimize design, save material costs.
  • Use specialized machinery: Pipe bending machine, automatic welding machine, plasma cutting machine… help ensure quality and progress.
  • Adopt advanced welding technology: TIG welding, laser welding, group welding… reduce deformation, work in harsh environment.
  • Construction of branches, quits before installing the pipeline: Reduce the work of welding workshop, save the time of pipeline installation.
  • Use of advanced materials: Composite materials, HDPE pipes help reduce weight, easy to install.
  • Optimize design to reduce step contact, transportation and installation costs.
Applying the above solutions will help the process of industrial pipeline construction to be done quickly, efficiently and cost-effectively.

Process of construction and installation of industrial piping

The process of installing industrial pipelines usually includes the following steps:
Step 1: Field survey and assessment
  • Survey of terrain, natural conditions where passing.
  • Assess the potential risk factors.
  • Identify the appropriate construction plan.
Step 2: Transport materials and equipment to the construction site
  • Use suitable transportation means, avoid material damage.
  • Ensure traffic safety and environmental hygiene.
Step 3: Leveling, prepare the ditch
  • Flatten the plane along the pipeline.
  • Dig the trench according to the design size.
  • Shorten the transportation route, optimize the slope.
Step 4: Install the pipe system and accessories
  • Match the elements according to the design.
  • Ensure airtight, tight, no leakage.
  • Installation of valves, pumps, control devices.
Step 5: Cover the sand, finish the surface
  • Cover the soil, sand in layers.
  • Tighten after filling the soil to avoid subsidence.
  • Finishing the surface, restoring the landscape.
Compliance with the correct process will help industrial pipeline works achieve high quality, durability and absolute safety.

Common problems when constructing industrial pipelines

During the construction of industrial pipelines often encounter some problems such as:
  • Heat-induced deformation when welding: the solution is cold sealing, enhancing the heat expansion ability of the tube.
  • Size accuracy is not reached: the solution is to use precision measuring equipment, check regularly.
  • The weld is pitting, error: the solution is to train the welder’s workmanship, choose the appropriate welding method.
  • Leakage between joints: the solution is to thoroughly inspect the contact surfaces, using quality buffer materials.
  • Corrosion, rust caused by the environment: the solution is to cover the surface protection, the selection of anti-corrosion materials.
  • Poor occupational safety: the solution is to strengthen training, equip protective equipment, safety supervision.
To limit the above problems, it is necessary to regularly check, monitor and have timely solutions during the construction process.

Guide to operation and maintenance of industrial piping systems

In order for the industrial pipeline to operate stably, safely and extend its service life, it is necessary to perform well the operation and maintenance work as follows:
  • Operate in accordance with design parameters such as pressure, flow, allowable temperature.
  • Periodically check the status of pipes and accessories, timely detect malfunctions.
  • Periodic maintenance of parts: pumps, valves, air compressors… as recommended.
  • Clean the pipe surface, remove dirty residue that reduces fluid flow.
  • Protect the tube from external mechanical, chemical impact causing damage.
  • Spray paint, periodic protective material to resist corrosion and rust.

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