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Which Investment Projects Need an Environmental Permit?

Environmental permits are one of the mandatory legal procedures for investment and construction projects that risk adverse impacts on the environment. Having an environmental permit or not will determine whether the project is implemented or not. So what is an environmental permit? Which investment projects need an environmental permit? How is the process and procedures for obtaining an environmental permit? The article below will explain in detail the above issues.

What is an Environmental Permit?

An environmental permit is a legal document issued by a competent state agency to organizations and individuals implementing investment projects to strictly control sources of wastewater and gases emitted to the environment during production and business activities.
The environmental permit specifies the requirements and conditions of environmental protection that the project owner must comply with. Compliance with the provisions in the environmental permit will help minimize the adverse impact of production activities on the surrounding environment.

Which investment projects need an environmental permit?

According to the provisions of the Environmental Protection Law 2020, the following investment projects are required to have an environmental license:
  • Group I investment projects include: projects with major adverse impacts on the environment such as thermal power plants, oil refineries, chemicals and cement…
  • Group II investment projects include: industrial parks, export processing zones, airports, railways…
  • Projects that invest in nature reserves, world heritage areas.
  • Investment projects to build production, business and service facilities concentrated in the area are at risk of serious environmental pollution.
In addition, depending on the specific scale and level of environmental impact, some other investment projects may also be required to obtain environmental permits.
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Process and procedures for obtaining environmental permits

The process of obtaining an environmental permit is as follows:
Step 1: The project owner files the application for environmental licensing
Step 2: Submit the application to the environmental licensing authority
Step 3: Environmental Licensing Agency inspect, certify the scene
Step 4: Verify the dossier, issue or refuse to issue an environmental permit
The components of application for environmental licensing are specified, including:
  • Application for Environmental Permit
  • Copy of business registration certificate, identity document of the project owner
  • Environmental impact assessment report or commitment to environmental protection
  • Other related legal documents such as building permits, land use planning…
The period for issuing environmental permits is 10 days from the date of receipt of valid dossiers. The permits are valid throughout the operation of the project and can be renewed if conditions are met.
After being granted an environmental permit by a competent authority, the project owner is responsible for:
  • Fully comply with the content, requirements stated in the environmental license has been issued.
  • Implement environmental protection measures such as: installation of wastewater treatment systems, waste gas, solid waste, hazardous waste management, etc… meet the requirements of environmental protection.
  • Perform periodic or unscheduled environmental monitoring as required and report the results to the authorities.
  • Register an annual environmental protection plan with the local environmental resources department.

Prestigious environmental licensing services

The authorities shall supervise, inspect and inspect the implementation of the provisions in the environmental permit of the project through:
  • Regular, periodic or unscheduled inspection and monitoring at the scene
  • Request the project owner to provide data on production and waste treatment activities
  • Sampling and analysis of waste quality of the project
In case the project violates the requirements of environmental protection, depending on the specific level, it will be handled administratively or suspended, revoked the environmental license. To avoid these problems, you need to choose a unit with many years of experience in the field of environmental licensing, operating a reputable environmental system such as Natural Star Vina.
Thus, environmental permits play a very important role in ensuring the sustainable development of investment projects in all three economic – social – environmental aspects. Investors need to pay attention to properly and fully implement the requirements of environmental protection to ensure the long-term benefits of their projects as well as the healthy and sustainable development of the society.

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